Revaluation of Self and Not-self according to Gender. Although the time-honoured distinction of soma preceding - and predominating over - psyche for females and of psyche preceding - and preponderating over - soma for males goes to the heart of my philosophy, I was unable, in the past, to draw the necessary conclusions with regard to the self vis-à-vis the not-self, since, quite contrary to other contexts, I confined the self to psyche and the not-self to soma, and this irrespective of gender. The truth of the matter, however, would seem to point in a more flexible direction: namely, that the self is soma for females and psyche for males, with the not-self, conversely, as psyche for females and soma for males. For only on such a basis can it be logically established that the binding of psyche to soma (in the hegemonic female case) or of soma to psyche (in the hegemonic male case) is consequent upon the self being identified with what is free and the not-self with what is bound. Therefore if psyche is bound to free soma in the female case, it is because psyche is identifiable with the not-self and soma with the self, whereas if soma is bound to free psyche in the male case it is because soma is identifiable with the not-self and psyche with the self. No small distinction! But, either way, the self is that which is free and the not-self the factor subordinately bound to it. Females and males are, as I had already established with a partly defective logic, antithetical in their sense of self. The self is not one thing, say psyche, and the not-self simply the correlative opposite of that thing. The self is soma or psyche according to gender. Therefore self precedes not-self as soma preceding psyche in the female case and as psyche preceding soma in the case of males. There is not one self, or not-self for that matter, but two types of self which, according with gender, exist in a constant tug-of-war and mutual antipathy. If the female is hegemonic, as in sensuality, the self will be identified with soma and the not-self with what is contrary to soma, namely psyche. If the male is hegemonic, as in sensibility, the self will be identified, by contrast, with psyche and the not-self with what is contrary to psyche, namely soma. So it is with the concept of freedom, as with a plethora of related concepts, including that of supremacy, the light, play, etc. which continue, as with freedom in relation to binding, to dominate primacy, the dark, work, etc. from opposite gender standpoints and, as a rule, in relation to opposite types of society and, hence, civilization.